Residential Purchase Originations Up 2 Percent, Refinance Originations Down 11 Percent;
Co-Buyer Share Up to 17.4 Percent, Down Payments 46 Percent Higher Than Other Buyers;
Median Down Payment Increases 27 Percent From Year Ago

IRVINE, Calif. – June 14, 2018 — ATTOM Data Solutions, curator of the nation’s premier property database, today released its Q1 2018 U.S. Residential Property Loan Origination Report, which shows that more than 1.8 million (1,813,691) loans secured by residential property (1 to 4 units) were originated in Q1 2018, down 5 percent from the previous quarter and down 3 percent from a year ago.

  • 665,887 of the residential loans originated in Q1 2018 were purchase loans, down 16 percent from the previous quarter but still up 2 percent from a year ago.
  • 799,939 of the residential loans originated in Q1 2018 were refinance loans, down 2 percent from the previous quarter and down 11 percent from a year ago.
  • 347,875 Home Equity Lines of Credit (HELOCs) were originated on residential properties in Q1 2018, up 18 percent from the previous quarter and up 14 percent from a year ago

The loan origination report is derived from publicly recorded mortgages and deeds of trust collected by ATTOM Data Solutions in more than 1,700 counties accounting for more than 87 percent of the U.S. population. Counts and dollar volumes for the two most recent quarters are projected based on available data at the time of the report (see full methodology below).

“Putting home equity to work is the name of the game in the 2018 housing market — both for current homeowners as well as homebuyers,” said Daren Blomquist, senior vice president at ATTOM Data Solutions. “With interest rates rising and home price appreciation accelerating, current homeowners are increasingly turning to home equity lines of credit rather than refinances to tap their home’s equity. And given that median down payments rose more than four times as fast as median home prices over the past year, it’s not surprising that homebuyers are increasingly getting help from co-buyers — often in exchange for a share of their home’s future equity.”

Co-buyers account for 17.4 percent of all Q1 2018 home sales

Nationwide, 17.4 percent of all single family home purchases in Q1 2018 were to co-buyers (multiple, non-married buyers listed on the sales deed), up from 16.3 percent from a year ago and up from 14.9 percent two years ago.

“Homeownership rates are still hovering around historic lows — even though lenders continue to offer more low down payment options,” said Michael Micheletti, director of corporate communications at Unison, a company that provides down payment assistance to homebuyers in exchange for a share of any future increase in the home’s value. “Letting people borrow more doesn’t make buying a home more accessible or affordable. It’s not surprising that in places like Seattle, the Bay Area, and other challenging markets buyers are looking at ways to increase their purchasing power, and reduce the amount of debt they are taking on. The sharing, co-buying and co-owning of a home movement will only grow as more millennials and Gen Z enter the marketplace.”

The average down payment for homes purchased by co-buyers nationwide was $56,911, 46 percent higher than the average down payment of $38,915 for homes purchased by other homebuyers. The average co-buyer down payment represented 15.3 percent of the average sales price, 35 percent higher than the 11.4 percent for other homebuyers.

Among 184 metropolitan statistical areas analyzed for co-buyer share, those with the highest percentage of co-buyers were San Jose, California (48.3 percent); San Francisco, California (37.9 percent); Seattle, Washington (27.7 percent); Honolulu, Hawaii (27.7 percent); and Miami, Florida (27.6 percent).

HELOCs up more than 50 percent in Hartford, Nashville, Las Vegas, Raleigh, Indianapolis

Among 165 metropolitan statistical areas analyzed for loan originations, those with the biggest year-over-year increase in HELOC originations in Q1 2018 were Athens, Georgia (up 176 percent); Chattanooga, Tennessee (up 165 percent); Norwich, Connecticut (up 99 percent); Kingsport, Tennessee (up 92 percent); and Atlantic City, New Jersey (up 87 percent).

Among 50 metro areas with a population of at least 1 million, those with the biggest year-over-year increase in HELOC originations in Q1 2018 were Hartford, Connecticut (up 80 percent); Nashville, Tennessee (up 74 percent); Las Vegas, Nevada (up 69 percent); Raleigh, North Carolina (up 56 percent); and Indianapolis, Indiana (up 51 percent).

“While there was early speculation that tax law changes related to home equity loans might dampen demand, that is not playing out in the market,” said Paul Doman, president and CEO of Accurate Group, which provides appraisal and title solutions for home equity lenders. “The strong HELOC growth in Q1 is consistent with the results of our March 2018 Home Equity Lender Survey, in which lenders were nearly unanimous in their belief that tax savings is not the primary driver for HELOC demand. Demand for our home equity appraisal, title and closing solutions remains strong so far this year — an indicator that lenders are continuing to grow that portion of their business.”

Median down payment increases 27 percent from year ago

The median down payment on single family homes and condos purchased with financing in Q1 2018 was $16,750, down 4 percent from $17,500 in the previous quarter but still up 27 percent from $13,207 in Q1 2017.

The median down payment of $16,750 was 6.6 percent of the median sales price of the homes purchased with financing during the quarter, down from 6.9 percent in the previous quarter but still up from 5.5 percent in Q1 2017.

Among 83 metropolitan statistical areas analyzed for median down payments, those with the biggest median down payments for homes purchased in Q1 2018 were San Jose, California ($298,250); San Francisco, California ($180,000); Los Angeles, California ($122,000); Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, California ($102,958); and San Diego, California ($80,100).

Other metro areas with median down payments of $50,000 or higher in the first quarter were Naples, Florida ($64,750); Seattle, Washington ($59,800); Boston, Massachusetts ($55,000); and New York-Newark-Jersey City ($50,000).

FHA loan share decreases to more than six-year low

Residential loans backed by the Federal Housing Administration (FHA) accounted for 10.9 percent of all residential property loans originated in Q1 2018, down from 12.0 percent in the previous quarter and down from 13.3 percent a year ago to the lowest share since Q4 2011 — a more than six-year low.

Residential loans backed by the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) accounted for 6.2 percent of all residential property loans originated in Q1 2018, down from 6.6 percent in the previous quarter and down from 6.6 percent a year ago.

Top loan originators for Q1 2018

The table below shows the top 10 mortgage originators in Q1 2018 based on dollar volume of loans.

Report methodology
ATTOM Data Solutions analyzed recorded mortgage and deed of trust data for single family homes, condos, town homes and multi-family properties of two to four units for this report. Each recorded mortgage or deed of trust was counted as a separate loan origination. Dollar volume was calculated by multiplying the total number of loan originations by the average loan amount for those loan originations. Origination counts and dollar volumes are projected for the most recent two quarters based on historical share of mortgage and deed of trust data recorded and collected within 45 days from the end of a quarter — which is when ATTOM pulls data for the report.

About ATTOM Data Solutions
ATTOM Data Solutions provides premium property data to power products that improve transparency, innovation, efficiency and disruption in a data-driven economy. ATTOM multi-sources property tax, deed, mortgage, foreclosure, environmental risk, natural hazard, and neighborhood data for more than 155 million U.S. residential and commercial properties covering 99 percent of the nation’s population. A rigorous data management process involving more than 20 steps validates, standardizes and enhances the data collected by ATTOM, assigning each property record with a persistent, unique ID — the ATTOM ID. The 9TB ATTOM Data Warehouse fuels innovation in many industries including mortgage, real estate, insurance, marketing, government and more through flexible data delivery solutions that include bulk file licenses, APIs, market trends, marketing lists, match & append and more.

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