But Homeowners Staying Put Longer as Average Homeownership Tenure Rises to New High;
Kansas City, San Jose, Nashville Led Major Metros in Home Price Appreciation in 2017;
All-Cash Purchase Share Increases Following Four Years of Declines
IRVINE, Calif. – Feb. 1, 2018 — ATTOM Data Solutions, curator of the nation’s largest multi-sourced property database, today released its Year-End and Q4 2017 U.S. Home Sales Report, which shows that home sellers in Q4 2017 realized an average home price gain since purchase of $54,000, up from $53,732 in the previous quarter and up from $47,133 in Q4 2016 to the highest since Q3 2007 — a more than 10-year high.
That $54,000 average home seller profit represented an average 29.7 percent return on investment compared to the original purchase price, up from 28.8 percent in the previous quarter and up from 26.8 percent in Q4 2016 to the highest average home seller ROI since Q3 2007. For a detailed home sales data analysis, click here.
“It’s the most profitable time to sell a home in more than 10 years yet homeowners are staying put longer than we’ve ever seen,” said Daren Blomquist, senior vice president at ATTOM Data Solutions. “While home sellers on the West Coast are realizing the biggest profits, rapid home price appreciation in red state markets is rivaling that of the high-flying coastal markets and producing sizable profits for home sellers in those middle-American markets as well.”
Among 155 metropolitan statistical areas with sufficient historical data, those with the highest average home seller ROI were San Jose, California (90.9 percent ROI); San Francisco, California (73.3 percent); Merced, California (64.6 percent); Seattle, Washington (64.4 percent); and Santa Cruz, California (59.8 percent).
“The biggest story for the greater Seattle housing market in 2017 was persistently low inventory levels which continued to push home prices higher,” said Matthew Gardner, chief economist at Windermere Real Estate, covering the Seattle market. “Sales in King County dropped modestly, but that can be blamed on rising prices which are forcing many buyers to look in neighboring counties to the north and south of Seattle where homes are significantly less expensive. I expect more of the same in 2018; an ongoing shortage of inventory combined with an economy that continues to add jobs means the Seattle market will remain very competitive and increasingly expensive.”
Kansas City, San Jose, Nashville lead major metros in home price appreciation
The U.S. median home price in 2017 was $235,000, up 8.3 percent from 2016 to a new all-time high. Annual home price appreciation in 2017 slowed slightly compared to the 8.5 percent in 2016.
Among 112 metropolitan statistical areas with a population of 200,000 or more and sufficient home price data, those with the biggest year-over-year increase in home prices were Ocala, Florida (up 14.3 percent); Kansas City, Missouri (up 13.4 percent); San Jose, California (up 13.3 percent); Salem, Oregon (up 12.9 percent); and Nashville, Tennessee (up 12.5 percent).
Along with Kansas City, San Jose and Nashville, other major metro areas with a population of at least 1 million with a double-digit percentage increase in home prices in 2017 were Las Vegas (up 12.3 percent); Salt Lake City (up 10.9 percent); Seattle (up 10.8 percent); Orlando (up 10.7 percent); Tampa-St. Petersburg (up 10.7 percent); Portland (up 10.5 percent); and Jacksonville, Florida (up 10.1 percent).
64 of the 112 metros (57 percent) reached new record home price peaks in 2017, including Los Angeles, Dallas, Houston, Atlanta, and San Francisco.
“Southern California closed out 2017 with sales volume increases, providing sellers with a continued positive rate of return growth on their homeowner equity, and we are forecasting a further bullish market in 2018,” said Michael Mahon, president of First Team Real Estate, covering the Southern California market. “Low available listing inventories, greater consumer cash flows from tax plan changes, continued gains in the stock market and continued declines in unemployment, are all contributing factors to high consumer confidence, which we believe will further elevate property values in 2018.”
“Although Ohio continues to work through a long tail of lingering distress, strong buyer demand for both distressed and non-distressed properties pushed home prices to new all-time highs in the majority of markets across the state,” said Matthew Watercutter, senior regional vice president and broker of record for HER Realtors, covering the Dayton, Columbus and Cincinnati markets in Ohio. “That strong buyer demand is evident in the increasing share of all-cash purchases statewide — more than one in three buyers in Ohio purchased with cash in 2017.”
Homeownership tenure at new record high nationwide, down in Denver, Dallas, Santa Cruz
Homeowners who sold in the fourth quarter of 2017 had owned their homes an average of 8.18 years, up from 8.12 years in the previous quarter and up from 7.78 years in Q4 2016 to the longest average home seller tenure as far back as data is available, Q1 2000.
Counter to the national trend, 10 of the 108 metro areas analyzed in the report posted a year-over-year decrease in average home seller tenure: Norwich-New London, Connecticut (down 5 percent); Denver, Colorado (down 3 percent); Bremerton-Silverdale, Washington (down 2 percent); Eugene, Oregon (down 2 percent); Colorado Springs, Colorado (down 2 percent); Provo-Orem, Utah (down 2 percent); Dallas-Fort Worth, Texas (down 1 percent); Manchester-Nashua, New Hampshire (down 1 percent); Chattanooga, Tennessee (down less than 1 percent); and Santa Cruz, California (down less than 1 percent).
Cash sales share increases in 2017 following four years of declines
Nationwide all-cash purchases accounted for 29.0 percent of single family home and condo sales in 2017, up slightly from 28.7 percent in 2016 and still well above the pre-recession average of 20.3 percent between 2000 and 2007. The increase in cash sales share in 2017 followed four consecutive years of annual decreases.
Among 156 metropolitan statistical areas with a population of at least 200,000 and sufficient cash sales data, those with the highest share of all-cash purchases in 2017 were Mobile, Alabama (69.8 percent); Binghamton, New York (60.9 percent); Macon, Georgia (57.7 percent); and Columbus, Georgia (56.2 percent).
U.S. distressed sales share drops to 10-year low, up in 12 states and DC
Distressed home sales — including bank-owned (REO) sales, third-party foreclosure auction sales, and short sales — accounted for 14.0 percent of all U.S. single family home and condo sales in 2017, down from 15.5 percent in 2016 and down from a peak of 38.6 percent in 2011.
Counter to the national trend, the share of distressed sales increased in 2017 in the District of Columbia (up 31 percent) and 12 states, including Delaware (up 21 percent); New Jersey (up 9 percent); Ohio (up 6 percent); Louisiana (up 19 percent); and New York (up 10 percent).
Among 203 metropolitan statistical areas with a population of at least 200,000 those with the highest share of distressed sales in 2017 were Atlantic City, New Jersey (39.4 percent); Mobile, Alabama (32.0 percent); Montgomery, Alabama (29.9 percent); Fayetteville, North Carolina (27.3 percent); and Akron, Ohio (25.3 percent).
Among 52 metropolitan statistical areas with a population of at least 1 million, those with the highest share of distressed sales in 2017 were Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (23.8 percent); Baltimore, Maryland (23.1 percent); Cleveland, Ohio (22.8 percent); Memphis, Tennessee (20.4 percent); and Columbus, Ohio (20.2 percent).
Highest share of institutional investor purchases in Memphis
Institutional investors nationwide accounted for 2.6 percent of all single family home and condo sales in 2017, down from 3.0 percent in 2016.
Among 182 metropolitan statistical areas with a population of at least 200,000 and sufficient institutional investor sales data, those with the highest share of institutional investor sales in 2017 were Memphis, Tennessee (10.0 percent); Columbus, Georgia (8.6 percent); Birmingham, Alabama (8.3 percent); Killeen, Texas (7.3 percent); and Macon, Georgia (7.3 percent).
FHA buyer share at lowest level since 2014
Nationwide buyers using Federal Housing Administration (FHA) loans accounted for 13.6 percent of all single family home and condo purchases in 2017, down from 15.4 percent in 2016 to the lowest level since 2014 but still well above the pre-recession average of 7.0 percent between 2000 and 2007.
Among 182 metropolitan statistical areas with a population of at least 200,000 and sufficient FHA buyer data, those with the highest share of FHA buyers in 2017 were El Paso, Texas (29.4 percent); Beaumont-Port Arthur, Texas (27.9 percent); Merced, California (27.2 percent); Elkhart-Goshen, Indiana (26.3 percent); and Salt Lake City, Utah (24.4 percent).
The ATTOM Data Solutions U.S. Home Sales Report provides percentages of distressed sales and all sales that are sold to investors, institutional investors and cash buyers, a state and metropolitan statistical area. Data is also available at the county and zip code level upon request. The data is derived from recorded sales deeds, foreclosure filings and loan data. Statistics for previous quarters are revised when each new report is issued as more deed data becomes available for those previous months. Median sales price is calculated based on the sales price on the publicly recorded sales deed when available. If no sales price is recorded then the purchase loan amount is used to calculate median price, and if no purchase loan amount is available, the property’s Automated Valuation Model (AVM) at time of sale is used to calculate the median price.
All-cash purchases: sales where no loan is recorded at the time of sale and where ATTOM has coverage of loan data.
Institutional investor purchases: residential property sales to non-lending entities that purchased at least 10 properties in a calendar year.
REO sale: a sale of a property that occurs while the property is actively bank owned (REO).
Third-party foreclosure auction sale: a sale of a property that occurs at the public foreclosure auction (trustee’s sale or sheriff’s sale) in which the property is sold to a third-party buyer and does not transfer back to the foreclosing bank.
Short sale: a sale of a property where the sale price is less than (short) the combined amount of loans secured by the property.
Data Licensing and Custom Report Order
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About ATTOM Data Solutions
ATTOM Data Solutions is the curator of the ATTOM Data Warehouse, a multi-sourced national property database that blends property tax, deed, mortgage, foreclosure, environmental risk, natural hazard, health hazards, neighborhood characteristics and other property characteristic data for more than 150 million U.S. residential and commercial properties. The ATTOM Data Warehouse delivers actionable data to businesses, consumers, government agencies, universities, policymakers and the media in multiple ways, including bulk file licenses, APIs and customized reports.
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